Canada Organic Regulations


Oregon Tilth offers services to evaluate crop and handling operations that comply to the Canada Organic Regulations (COR). All operations located in Canada growing or manufacturing organic products within the scope of the Canada Organic Products Regulations are required to become certified to the COR.The Canada Organic Products Regulations (OPR) define specific requirements for organic products to be labeled as organic or that bear the Canada Organic Logo. The OPR Scope covers food and drink intended for human consumption and food intended to feed livestock, including agricultural crops used for those purposes, and also the cultivation of plants. Please note, products excluded from the scope cannot be certified under the Canada Organic Regime and cannot use the Canada Organic logo.

Review the Canada Organic Labeling and Regulations Guide

How do I apply for organic certification to the COR?

×Start Here:Contract Agreements, COR Standards & Op Manual

Basic forms to summarize the terms and conditions of organic certification with OTCO.

×Next StepCOR Application
×Final StepSubmit Application

Email your application to <> or mail the hard copy with correct certification fees to 2525 SE 3rd Street, Corvallis, OR 97333. One of our staff members will be in contact with you once we receive and process your application.

United States – Canada Equivalency Arrangement

The National Organic Program and Canada Organic Office signed an Equivalency Arrangement detailing the requirements for importing and exporting organic products.

All OTCO clients who wish to have products listed on their organic certificate as US-Canada Equivalent must complete the International Markets form and submit it to OTCO.  Please continue reading below for more information about this Equivalency Arrangement.

US-Canada Equivalency Affirmation – Handler

×What does this mean? US – Canada Equivalency Arrangement
  • All shipments of organic products crossing the Canadian border in either direction need to be accompanied by documentation which includes the statement:
 “Certified in compliance with the terms of the US-Canada Organic Equivalency Arrangement.”
  • OTCO certified clients whose products are crossing the Canada border need to verify that their products are in compliance with the Equivalency Arrangement. 

Please contact the OTCO Office to begin the process of listing your products as compliant to the terms of the US-Canada Equivalency Arrangement. OTCO will automatically evaluate all crop products for compliance but will only review livestock and processed products that have been requested.

 Conditions of the US-Canada Equivalency Arrangement include the following:

  • U.S. agricultural products produced with the use of sodium nitrate cannot be sold or marketed as organic in Canada. OTCO and other certifiers have identified the following crops as at risk of being grown using sodium nitrate, and will require additional information prior to verifying equivalency with Canadian requirements (note this is not an all-inclusive list, but instead a list of common high-risk crops): carrots, celery, cruciferous vegetables, fresh tomatoes, greenhouse crops including tomatoes, leafy greens, livestock feed crops produced in the Midwest, onions, potatoes, winter citrus from the Southeast United States, winter vegetables including broccoli, cauliflower, etc.
  • U.S. agricultural products produced by hydroponic or aeroponic production methods cannot be sold or marketed as organic in Canada. Crops considered high risk for hydroponic or aeroponic production: greenhouse crops, including herbs and tomatoes.
  • U.S. agricultural products derived from animals must be produced according to livestock stocking rates as set out in the Canadian Standard.

EU – Canada Equivalency Arrangement

The European Commission and the Canadian Organic Office announced a bilateral Equivalency Arrangement.  The Arrangement allows full access to the Canadian Market by EU Member State producers, but it limits access to the EU market to products grown in Canada.

×What does this mean? EU- Canada Equivalency Arrangement
  • The Arrangement applies to the following: unprocessed plant products, live animals, unprocessed animal products, vegetative propagating material, seeds for cultivation, and processed agricultural products for use as food and feed.
  • Processed products exported to the EU as food or feed must be final processed in Canada.
  • Products exported to Canada can be produced with COR and EU certified ingredients from anywhere in the world but must be “final processed and labeled” in the EU.
  • Product Labels must be compliant with the country in which they are being sold.
    – Using either or both the COR or EU logos is allowed.
  • Each export of COR product to the EU must be accompanied by a Certificate of Import issued by OTCO.
  • Each import of EU product from an EU member state to Canada must be accompanied by an EU organic certificate. (There is no need for an import certificate).