Livestock eligibility for organic conversion
Which livestock are eligible for organic conversion?
You can convert a distinct herd of dairy animals to organic over a one year period of time. We’ve outlined specific considerations for feed, pasture and breeding stock below.
Conventional poultry may be converted to organic production (meat and eggs) only if it was raised organically beginning the second day of life (e.g., “day-old chicks”).
Which livestock are not eligible for organic conversion?
Under no circumstances can conventional animals be converted or sold as organic slaughter stock.
However, slaughter stock under full organic management beginning no later than the third trimester of gestation is eligible for certification. The mother cow — or other animal — must be managed organically for at least the last third of gestation before the slaughter animal was born.
Older poultry grown under conventional management is allowed only as breeder stock for the production of hatching eggs. Neither the conventional birds nor their eggs can be sold as organic.
Formerly organic livestock
You may not convert any animal that was once certified organic once certification is forfeited. For example, if the animal was put out on transitional pasture, or fed transitional feed, it will immediately lose its organic status and is ineligible for recertification.
What can I feed my milking animal during conversion?
Milking animals in conversion must be fed certified organic feed and pasture.
The feed must either be (a) grown on your managed land that is already eligible for organic certification or (b) grown on transitional land in its last year of transition (24 months or more free of prohibited materials).
What do I need to know about converting breeding stock?
Breeding stock does not require a conversion process. However, for offspring to be considered organic, the mother must be managed organically for the last third of gestation (pregnancy).
Do I need to transition all my pasture before converting my livestock?
Dairy animals in conversion may be fed pasture and feedstuffs harvested from any of your fields that are in the third and final year of transition.
Third-year transitional pasture and feed must meet all the organic requirements with the exception of land history. Once livestock in conversion are eligible for organic certification, they may no longer be fed transitional feed. Consider timing your pasture and cropland transition to be completed at the same time (or prior to) the completion of your animals’ conversion. You must keep records that confirm requirements were met throughout the conversion year.